The Russian alphabet, basic vocabulary, and the plural forms of nouns. Basic sentence structures in the present tense. Establishing basic social contact such as greetings, farewells, introductions, thanking. Following basic classroom language and instructions. Introducing oneself and others. Reading simple texts such as notices, advertisements, and instructions. Completing basic forms with personal details and writing short notes.

Basic sentence structures in the present, past, and future tenses. Case marking on nouns. Asking and answering simple questions about immediate needs and familiar topics. Following simple oral instructions and directions. Describing people, where they live, who they know, and things they have. Reading short, simple texts such as posters, signs, and basic instructions. Writing simple personal communications such as short notes, messages, and holiday greetings.
Prerequisite: RUS 101 or consent of the instructor.

Aspect marking on verbs, focusing on verbs of motion. Case marking on adjectives, nouns, and pronouns. Exchanging information on familiar everyday topics such as family, living conditions, occupation, and free time. Listening to announcements and texts on familiar topics. Describing familiar people, educational background, and profession or occupation. Reading short, simple texts such as menus, advertisements, and timetables. Writing personal letters/emails and short texts on familiar topics.
Prerequisite: RUS 102 or consent of the instructor.

Aspect marking on various types of verbs, including verbs of motion. Complex sentences with relative clauses and clauses of reason and purpose. Initiating and responding to social exchanges such as invitations, suggestions, complaints, and apologies. Identifying the main ideas of brief narrations such as stories and radio and TV programs. Explaining one’s viewpoint on a topical issue and giving reasons for a particular position. Extracting the main ideas of texts such as newspaper articles on familiar topics, anecdotes, and short stories. Writing straightforward connected text on a range of familiar topics.
Prerequisite: RUS 201 or consent of the instructor.

Consolidation of basic grammatical forms. Participating in spontaneous conversations to express opinions and exchange information on topics related to everyday life. Following informal discussions on familiar matters encountered in areas such as school, work, and leisure. Describing experiences and events and narrating stories such as the plot of a book or film. Reading articles on familiar topics. Writing simple texts such as letters/emails describing experiences, events, or impressions.
Prerequisite: RUS 202 or consent of the instructor

Participating in conversations of personal interest and that are pertinent to everyday life and familiar topics. Following the flow of a presentation or conversation on a range of familiar topics. Describing experiences and events, giving reasons, explanations, and opinions. Reading descriptions of events. Writing letters/emails and making notes on familiar or predictable matters.
Prerequisite: RUS 301 or consent of the instructor

Expressing ideas and opinions and presenting and responding to complex lines of argument. Following extended speech such as lectures and TV news and current affairs programs. Presenting detailed descriptions on a range of topics of personal interest or related to one’s field of work. Reading extended texts such as literary prose and articles on contemporary issues. Writing an essay or a report explaining information or giving reasons for or against a particular point of view.
Prerequisite: RUS 302 or consent of the instructor.

Exchanging information in a conversation or meeting context on a variety of matters related to personal interest and occupational roles. Listening to lectures, TV news, and current affairs programmes. Contributing to discussions in seminar-like contexts or responding to literary prose. Reading literary prose and articles on topical subjects. Writing a personal response or essay related to literary prose or current events.
Prerequisite: RUS 401 or consent of the instructor.